Befria universiteten!

Den akademiska friheten vs. statens krav

Sammandrag av några av de källor jag använt mig av.

Karran et al, “Measuring Academic Freedom in Europe,” 2017

ladda ner pdf. Measuring academic freedom in Europe a criterion referenced approach Terence Karran, Klaus Beiter, and Kwadwo Appiagyei-Atua, “Measuring Academic Freedom in Europe: A Criterion Referenced Approach,” Policy Reviews in Higher Education 1, no. 2 (July 3, 2017): 209–39,

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Metzger, The Age of the University, 1955

Walter P. Metzger, “The Age of the University,” in The Development of Academic Freedom in the United States, ed. Walter P. Metzger and Richard Hofstadter (New York: Columbia University Press, 1955), 275–506, VIII. The German Influence … More than nine thousand Americans studies at German universities in the nineteenth century. … [367] … It must be assumed, therefore, that the increase in the number of Americans going to Germany in the second half of the nineteenth century — the figures are roughly 200 before 1850 and go up to 2,000 in the peak decade of the…

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Dewey, AAUP’s 1915 Declaration of Principles, 1915

Dewey – AAUP's 1915 Declaration of Principles.pdf John Dewey, “General Declaration of Principles, American Association of University Professors, 1915,” in Academic Freedom and Tenure: A Handbook of the American Association of University Professors, ed. Louis Joughin (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1967), 155–76. The term “academic freedom” has traditionally had two applications — to the freedom of the teacher and to that of the student, Lehrfreihet and Lernfreihet. … freedom of inquiry and research; freedom of teaching within the university or college; and freedom of extra-mural utterance and action. … [1]…

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Schelling, Lectures on the Method of Academic Study, 1803

Editor’s introduction By  the first decade of the nineteenth century, German universities were racing not only widespread criticism from writers but also the very real possibility of extinction.  Over the course of the eighteenth-century, enrollments had declined from 4,400 in 1720 to just under 3,000 in 1800. And this during a period when the population of eh German territories almost doubled.  These declines were exacerbated by the uneven enrollment patters across Germany’s thirty-nine universities.  While institutions in Halle and Göttingen flourished, most other German universities languished, each enrolling on average fewer than a hundred students. By eh end of the…

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Henry Philip Tappan, On German Universities, 1852

… In our country we have no Universities. Whatever may be the names by which we choose to call our institutions of learning, still they are not Universities.  They have neither the libraries and material of learning, generally, nor the number of professors an courses of lectures, nor the large and free organization which go to make up Universities. … [153]…

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NYT, Beijing’s Assault on Academic Freedom, 2013

Beijing’s Assault on Academic Freedom By THE EDITORIAL BOARDOCT. 21, 2013 Peking University’s decision last week to dismiss Professor Xia Yeliang, an economist and advocate of the free market, is making news around the world. The dismissal could hurt Peking University’s connections with American and European universities, and tarnish its reputation. In the spirit of academic freedom, universities that have collaborative relations with Peking University — Stanford, Cornell, Yale, the London School of Economics and many others — should be putting pressure…

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