Aztlán and the Chicano movement
Aztlán is, according to the legend of the Nahuatl-speaking people of Mexico, the land from which they, some time in the eleventh-century CE, began the migration which eventually took them to the Valley of Mexico. There were seven different tribes that migrated, of which the Mexica was one. It is clear that Aztlán was located somewhere to the north but exactly where is less certain. Guesses point to northwestern Mexico or to somewhere in the southwestern parts of the United States.
There are activists who hope for a new, independent, Aztlán. In one version of the project, Mexicans on both side of the border should create one country, sometimes referred to as “la República del Norte.” Others have talked about the need for a “reconquista” of the parts of the United States that were claimed by Spain for centuries and which were parts of Mexico until the Mexican-American war.
The Chicano movement lost much of its political momentum in the 1970s, but the problems they reacted to have not gone away. Their most lasting legacy might be the departments of “Chicano studies” that have been established at various American universities. If a wall is built between the United States and Mexico, it would be regarded as a provocation by Aztlán activists.