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  • How and why did the Europeans come to take over the world?
  • How did the colonized peoples make themselves independent?
  • What were the logn-term effects of colonialization?

Required reading:

Presentations:

  • What was the Mau-mau uprising?
  • Who was Henry Morton Stanley? Presentation by hilip Norrman.
  • How does William Robruck describe the emperor’s palace? How did Coleridge describe it? Read this. Presentation byNoemibernadette Zampetti.

Additional resources:

 Lecture:

  • Why and how did the Mongols come to create an empire which spanned most of the Eurasian continent? What made the Mongols militarily successful?
  • How was Mongol diplomacy conducted?
  • Why did the Mongol empire eventually decline and fall?
  • “Nomadic political theory“: tactics in war. principles of social organization, the role of paths and nodes.

Required readings:

  • Erik Ringmar,”The Mongol Khanates,” History of International Relations (Cambridge: Open Books Publisher, forthcoming)
  • Starr, S. Frederick. “The Mongol Century.” In Lost Enlightenment : Central Asia’s Golden Age from the Arab Conquest to Tamerlane, 436–37. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013.
  • Schurmann, H. F. “Mongolian ​Tributary Practices of the Thirteenth Century.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 19, no. 3/4 (December 1956): 304-89.

Presentations:

​Additional resources:

Lecture:

  • Which kinds of political entities have traditionally existed in Africa?
  • Which were the relations between them?
  • To what extent, if any, can Africa be described as “an international system”?

Readings:

Nubia:

West Africa:

Lecture:

  • What is an “international system” and what are its main units?
  • What is the difference between an international system and an international society?
  • What kinds of international systems are there?
  • How should international systems best be studied?

Class discussion: Hedley Bull and the English School

  • What is a “Grotian” international system?
  • How is order maintained in international relations
  • What is the history of diplomacy?

Readings:

Additional material:

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Lecture:

  • Who were the Incas?
  • Who were the Aztecs?
  • Which other political entities existed in the Americas?

Readings:

Presentations:

This week too the presentations are based on BBC documentaries. Please consult this page regarding “lost kingdoms of South America” and this for “lost kingdoms of Central America.” Please pick one of the following:

  • Chachapoyo.
  • the Tiwanaku,
  • the Chimor,
  • the Taino.
  • the Olmec.

Additional resources:

  • Erik’s lecture notes.
  • Erik’s map of the Americas.
  • Blanton, Richard, and Gary Feinman. “The Mesoamerican World System.” American Anthropologist 86, no. 3 (1984): 673–682.
  • Mann, Charles C. 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus. 1st edition. New York: Vintage Books, 2006.
  • Marcus, Joyce. “A Synthesis of the Cultural Evolution of the Zapotec and Mixtec.” The Cloud People. Divergent Evolution of the Zapotec and Mixtec Civilizations. Clinton Corners: Percheron Press. Revised Edition, 2003.

 Lecture:

  • Why and how did the Mongols come to create an empire which spanned most of the Eurasian continent? What made the Mongols militarily successful?
  • How was Mongol diplomacy conducted?
  • Why did the Mongol empire eventually decline and fall?
  • “Nomadic political theory“: tactics in war. principles of social organization, the role of paths and nodes.

Required readings:

  • Erik Ringmar,”The Mongol Khanates,” History of International Relations (Cambridge: Open Books Publisher, forthcoming)
  • Starr, S. Frederick. “The Mongol Century.” In Lost Enlightenment : Central Asia’s Golden Age from the Arab Conquest to Tamerlane, 436–37. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013.
  • Schurmann, H. F. “Mongolian ​Tributary Practices of the Thirteenth Century.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 19, no. 3/4 (December 1956): 304-89.

Presentations:

​Additional resources:

Lecture:

  •  Who were the Mughals?  Why and how did they manage to conquer the Indian subcontinent?
  • Prior to the Mughals, how were political relations organized on the subcontinent?
  • How should we explain the Indianization of Southeast Asia?

Readings:

Presentations:

  • Who was Tamerlane? What do you know about his successors?
  • Who built the Taj Mahal and why?​ 
  • What was going on at Angkor Wat?
  • Why is Hinduism the dominant religion in Bali?  How is Hinduism reflected in Balinese customs and traditions?

​Additional material: