12. Patrimonial states and the resource curse

  • Classical patrimonial states and neopatrimonialism.
  • Kleptocracies. Mbuto’s Zaire, Central African Republic, Gabon.
  • The oil curse. Why are people in Nigeria and Venezuela so poor?
  • Narco-states. Mexico and Venezuela as examples.
  • Military regimes. “The military has always ruled Egypt.”

Required readings:

Additional readings:

  • Dawisha, Karen. Putin’s Kleptocracy: Who Owns Russia? Simon & Schuster, 2014.
  • Hirschfeld, Katherine. Gangster States: Organized Crime, Kleptocracy and Political Collapse. Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.
  • Chouvy, Pierre-Arnaud. “The Myth of the Narco-State.” Space and Polity 20, no. 1 (January 2, 2016): 26–38.

Seminar notes:

Managing oil wealth in Africa:


Overcoming the resource curse:

https://www.imf.org/en/News/Podcasts/All-Podcasts/2017/11/11/overcoming-the-natural-e resource-curse

Undoing the resource curse: