8. Nation-states The idea of the “nation.”National revolutions from 1789 onward.Theories of nationalism.Nations and nationalism outside of Europe. Required readings Benedict Anderson, “Cultural Roots; The Origin of National Consciousness.” In Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, New Edition. London: Verso, 2006. Ernest Gellner, Nations and Nationalism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983. pp. 22-62.Gary Gerstle, “Race and Nation in the United States, Mexico, and Cuba, 1880-1940.” in Nationalism in the New World. Edited by Doyle, Don Harrison, and Marco Antonio Villela Pamplona, Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2006.Hugh Trevor-Roper, “The Invention of Tradition: The Highlands Tradition of Scotland.” In The Invention of Tradition, edited by Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983. Additional readings Thongchai Winichakul, “The Quest for ‘Siwilai’: A Geographical Discourse of Civilizational Thinking in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth-Century Siam.” The Journal of Asian Studies 59, no. 3 (August 2000): 528–49.Guido Zernatto, “Nation: The History of a Word.” The Review of Politics 6, no. 3 (July 1, 1944): 351–66.