"Regardless of how it was assessed, the economic success of the middle-class home in its North Atlantic version made sure that the model came to be widely copied. Before long, children throughout Europe were both loved and disciplined in the same fashion." p. 36.

2017-01-21T02:11:37+00:00
"Regardless of how it was assessed, the economic success of the middle-class home in its North Atlantic version made sure that the model came to be widely copied. Before long, children throughout Europe were both loved and disciplined in the same fashion." p. 36.

"After World War II in particular we have surrounded ourselves with innumerable consumer items: cars, household appliances and technical gadgets of all kinds. To make these things is no longer our primary obligation in life but instead to enjoy them. While production has become easier and easier, consumption requires more and more hard work." p. 36.

2017-01-20T16:41:39+00:00
"After World War II in particular we have surrounded ourselves with innumerable consumer items: cars, household appliances and technical gadgets of all kinds. To make these things is no longer our primary obligation in life but instead to enjoy them. While production has become easier and easier, consumption requires more and more hard work." p. 36.

" In industrial society social positions could not as easily be handed down from one generation to the next. This is why it was important for families to make heavy investments in their children's education. Before long, childhood became a time of relentless preparation and endless moral exercises. This is how the middle-class home became a disciplinary institution." p. 37.

2017-01-20T16:50:33+00:00
" In industrial society social positions could not as easily be handed down from one generation to the next. This is why it was important for families to make heavy investments in their children's education. Before long, childhood became a time of relentless preparation and endless moral exercises. This is how the middle-class home became a disciplinary institution." p. 37.

" In fact, domesticity itself has become a consumer item. To be together, to relax, even to love one another, is intimately associated with the buying, the enjoying and the discarding of things. Increasingly it has become difficult to conceive of consumption as taking place in any other setting." p. 39.

2017-01-20T17:01:58+00:00
" In fact, domesticity itself has become a consumer item. To be together, to relax, even to love one another, is intimately associated with the buying, the enjoying and the discarding of things. Increasingly it has become difficult to conceive of consumption as taking place in any other setting." p. 39.

"Like all social rituals, consumption can be understood as a means of communication; to consume is to communicate with ourselves and with others. In the process of working out what to buy, we learn about the desires of other family members, how to coordinate our wishes, how to make exemptions and arrive at compromises and common plans. Families who consumer together, we like to think, stay together. " p. 40.

2017-01-20T17:06:27+00:00
"Like all social rituals, consumption can be understood as a means of communication; to consume is to communicate with ourselves and with others. In the process of working out what to buy, we learn about the desires of other family members, how to coordinate our wishes, how to make exemptions and arrive at compromises and common plans. Families who consumer together, we like to think, stay together. " p. 40.

"Clearly set off from other buildings and surrounded by a lawn that outsiders trespass on only at their peril, the sense of privacy and seclusion is now complete. Whatever filth, noise and vice that goes on inside the castle walls remains the family's own well-guarded secret." p. 40.

2017-01-20T17:15:53+00:00
"Clearly set off from other buildings and surrounded by a lawn that outsiders trespass on only at their peril, the sense of privacy and seclusion is now complete. Whatever filth, noise and vice that goes on inside the castle walls remains the family's own well-guarded secret." p. 40.

"As long as wages increase there is no problem, but when they start to stagnate or decline the family is forced to react. The choice is either to consume less or to work more, and in almost all cases families have opted for the latter. When the father's salary is no longer sufficient, the mother has to start working too, and if one salary is not enough, parents have to find second or even third jobs. " p. 40.

2017-01-20T17:33:19+00:00
"As long as wages increase there is no problem, but when they start to stagnate or decline the family is forced to react. The choice is either to consume less or to work more, and in almost all cases families have opted for the latter. When the father's salary is no longer sufficient, the mother has to start working too, and if one salary is not enough, parents have to find second or even third jobs. " p. 40.

" Since everyone is simply too busy, there is even less time for joint consumption. today, most of what families do consume together as a unit, they consume during a few hectic weeks, or days, during Christmas or summer vacations." p. 40.

2017-01-20T17:38:02+00:00
" Since everyone is simply too busy, there is even less time for joint consumption. today, most of what families do consume together as a unit, they consume during a few hectic weeks, or days, during Christmas or summer vacations." p. 40.

Surviving Capitalism

How we learned to live with the market and remained almost human

London: Anthem, 2005.

Human life cannot be reduced to market transactions and human beings cannot only be treated as economic actors. When the power of the market increases, human beings will always try to protect themselves. Given the differences that exist in social and cultural traditions, these protective responses are likely to differ from one society to the other. This is why, even in a global market, diversity is always likely to persist. This book investigates the question of economic globalization - whether it is likely to lead to full convergence between political models and ways of life, or whether, even in a completely globalized world economy, there is likely to be scope for alternative solutions. But in a fully globalized world, how will we survive capitalism?

"Clearly and gracefully written, it presents an interesting and fertile thesis about the nature of capitalism and how different societies have learnt to cope with it."

John Gray, author of  Straw Dogs (Granta, 2002).

2017-01-21T02:57:14+00:00

John Gray, author of  Straw Dogs (Granta, 2002).

"Clearly and gracefully written, it presents an interesting and fertile thesis about the nature of capitalism and how different societies have learnt to cope with it."

"Surviving Capitalism presents a highly literate cost benefit analysis of the history of capitalism fresh, fascinating, relevant, and, yes, humane."

Jeff Madrick, editor, Challenge Magazine.

2017-01-21T03:03:13+00:00

Jeff Madrick, editor, Challenge Magazine.

"Surviving Capitalism presents a highly literate cost benefit analysis of the history of capitalism fresh, fascinating, relevant, and, yes, humane."

"Erik Ringmar has written a fascinating short book about the different forms of historical resistance to capitalism. ... Running through the somewhat schematic treatment is an endearing partiality to forms of sociability generously lubricated by alcohol. Ringmar uses striking images to put flesh on the bones."

Robert Skidelsky, author of John Maynard Keynes.

2017-01-21T03:05:06+00:00

Robert Skidelsky, author of John Maynard Keynes.

"Erik Ringmar has written a fascinating short book about the different forms of historical resistance to capitalism. ... Running through the somewhat schematic treatment is an endearing partiality to forms of sociability generously lubricated by alcohol. Ringmar uses striking images to put flesh on the bones."